गुरवे नमः (Salutations to Guru)

गुरुर्ब्रह्मा गुरुर्विष्णुः गुरुर्देवो  महेश्वरः |
गुरुस्साक्षात्  परब्रह्म तस्मै श्रीगुरवे नमः ||

This is probably one of the most common and widely recited shlokas in Indian households and schools. As can be seen, it is very simple; but at the same time, it is often written and recited wrongly.

The above can be re-written after splitting the sandhis as below:

गुरुः ब्रह्मा गुरुः विष्णुः गुरुः देवः महेश्वरः |
गुरुः साक्षात् परब्रह्म तस्मै श्रीगुरवे नमः ||

Here are some examples of common mistakes done in this shloka:

गुरुः looses विसर्ग and becomes just गुरु

and hence, गुरुर्ब्रह्मा or गुरुः ब्रह्मा becomes गुरु ब्रह्मा (similarly with विष्णुः and महेश्वरः)

गुरुस्साक्षात् or गुरुः साक्षात्  becomes गुरुसाक्षात् or गुरुर्साक्षात्

गुरवे  very commonly becomes गुरुवे
(Note that when saluting, चतुर्थी विभक्ति is used for whom salutations are done. चतुर्थी विभक्ति form of गुरु is गुरवे)

परब्रह्म becomes परं ब्रह्म or परब्रह्मा or परब्रह्मः
(Note that in “गुरुः ब्रह्मा”, ब्रह्मा is the प्रथमा विभक्ति एकवचन form of पुल्लिङ्ग (Masculine gender) ब्रह्मन् शब्दः which goes as  ब्रह्मा, ब्रह्माणौ, ब्रह्माणः ‘while in “परब्रह्म” it is the नपुंसकल्लिङ्ग (Neuter gender) form of ब्रह्मन् which goes as ‘ब्रह्म, ब्रह्मणी, ब्रह्माणि’. ब्रह्मा is used to denote the 1st God of the Trinity (Brahma Vishnu Maheshwara), but परब्रह्म is used to denote the Supreme Brahman.

ಕನ್ನಡದಲ್ಲಿ ಈ ಶ್ಲೋಕವನ್ನು ಸಾಮಾನ್ಯವಾಗಿ ಹೀಗೆ ಕಾಣಬಹುದು:

ಗುರು ಬ್ರಹ್ಮ ಗುರು ವಿಷ್ಣು  ಗುರು ದೇವೋ ಮಹೇಶ್ವರಃ |
ಗುರು ಸಾಕ್ಷಾತ್ ಪರಬ್ರಹ್ಮ ತಸ್ಮೈ  ಶ್ರೀಗುರುವೇ ನಮಃ ||

ಮೂಲ ಸಂಸ್ಕೃತ ಶ್ಲೋಕಕ್ಕೆ ಹೋಲಿಸಿದಾಗ ಇದು ಅಶುದ್ಧ ಎನಿಸಿದರೂ, ಕನ್ನಡದ ದೃಷ್ಟಿಯಿಂದ ಇದು almost ಸರಿಯೆನ್ನಬಹುದು! ಗುರುವೇ (ಗುರವೇ ಗೆ ಬದಲಾಗಿ) ಎಂದು ತಪ್ಪಾಗಿ ಬಳಸಿದರೂ, ಕನ್ನಡದ ಮಟ್ಟಿಗೆ ಇದು ಸರಿ. (ಇನ್ನೂ ಸರಿ ಎಂದರೆ ಗುರುವಿಗೆ ನಮಃ ಎನ್ನಬೇಕು, ಸಂಸ್ಕೃತದಲ್ಲಿ ಇದ್ದ ಹಾಗೆ ಚತುರ್ಥೀ ವಿಭಕ್ತಿಯಲ್ಲಿ)

4 Responses to गुरवे नमः (Salutations to Guru)

  1. Sreekanth says:

    Nice analysis… prompts to understand the shlokas and the correct way of reciting them!

  2. ಸೂರ್ಯನಾರಾಯಣ ಜೋಯಿಸ್ says:

    ಗುರುರ್ಬ್ರಹ್ಮಾ ಗುರುರ್ವಿಷ್ಣುಃ ಗುರುರ್ದೇವೋ ಮಹೇಶ್ವರಃ|
    ಗುರುಸ್ಸಾಕ್ಷಾತ್ ಪರಂ ಬ್ರಹ್ಮಾ ತಸ್ಮೈ ಶ್ರೀ ಗುರವೇ ನಮಃ ||

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