भारतवैभवम्

ಜನವರಿ 26, 2016

मया कृष्णमूर्ति-भट्टात् भारतदेशस्य वैभवस्य विवरणयुक्तं पद्यमेकं स्वीकृतम् | पञ्च श्लोकयुक्तमिदं पद्यं सरलतया गातुं शक्यते |

भारतवैभवम्

शैलशृङ्गवासिनीं परात्परां पुरातनीम् देवसिन्धुनर्मदादि सिन्धुसङ्घशोभिनीम्|
व्यास-भास-कालिदास शारदैः सुशोभिताम् नमामि भक्तिभावनैः भारतं मे मातरम् || १ ||

रामकृष्ण-शङ्करादि योगिभिः सुपूजिताम् भोजराज राजराज पौरवैस्सुपालिताम्|
गान्धि-शास्त्रि-मालवीय सेवकैस्सुरक्षिताम् नमामि भक्तिभावनैः भारतं मे मातरम् || २ ||

अङ्गवङ्गसिन्धुराष्ट्रकूटकोटिसंयुताम् हिन्द्वरब्बिसागरादि सागरैर्नमस्कृताम् |
शैलराजविन्ध्यसह्यपर्वतैरलङ्कृताम् नमामि भक्तिभावनैः भारतं मे मातरम् || ३ ||

वेदशास्त्रब्रह्मज्ञान – पण्डितैरलङ्कृताम् नाटकादि काव्यगान गायकैस्सुशोभिताम् |
वेणुतन्त्रिवाद्यनादसुस्वरैस्सुश्राविताम् नमामि भक्तिभावनैः भारतं मे मातरम् || ४ ||

हिन्दुजैनसिख्खबैद्धमानवान् सुपोषिताम् देववाणिकन्नडादि भारतीभिस्संयुतां |
भारतीयभावनां च मानवेषु पूरिताम् नमामि भक्तिभावनैः भारतं मे मातरम् || ५ ||

इदं गानं तूणकम् इति छन्दसि अस्ति।

ಭಾರತವೈಭವಮ್

ಶೈಲಶೃಂಗವಾಸಿನೀಂ ಪರಾತ್ಪರಾಂ ಪುರಾತನೀಂ ದೇವಸಿಂಧುನರ್ಮದಾದಿ ಸಿಂಧುಸಂಘಶೊಭಿನೀಂ |
ವ್ಯಾಸ-ಭಾಸ-ಕಾಲಿದಾಸ ಶಾರದೈಃ ಸುಶೋಭಿತಾಂ ನಮಾಮಿ ಭಕ್ತಿಭಾವನೈಃ ಭಾರತಂ ಮೆ ಮಾತರಂ || ೧ ||

ರಾಮಕೃಷ್ಣ-ಶಂಕರಾದಿ ಯೋಗಿಭಿಃ ಸುಪೂಜಿತಾಂ ಭೋಜರಾಜ ರಾಜರಾಜ ಪೌರವೈಸ್ಸುಪಾಲಿತಾಂ |
ಗಾಂಧಿ-ಶಾಸ್ತ್ರಿ-ಮಾಲವೀಯ ಸೇವಕೈಸ್ಸುರಕ್ಷಿತಾಂ ನಮಾಮಿ ಭಕ್ತಿಭಾವನೈಃ ಭಾರತಂ ಮೆ ಮಾತರಂ || ೨ ||

ಅಂಗವಂಗಸಿಂಧುರಾಷ್ಟ್ರಕೂಟಕೋಟಿಸಂಯುತಾಂ ಹಿಂದ್ವರಬ್ದಿಸಾಗರಾದಿ ಸಾಗರೈರ್ನಮಸ್ಕೃತಾಂ |
ಶೈಲರಾಜವಿಂಧ್ಯಸಹ್ಯಪರ್ವತೈರಲಂಕೃತಾಂ ನಮಾಮಿ ಭಕ್ತಿಭಾವನೈಃ ಭಾರತಂ ಮೆ ಮಾತರಂ || ೩ ||

ವೇದಶಾಸ್ತ್ರಬ್ರಹ್ಮಜ್ಞಾನ – ಪಂಡಿತೈರಲಂಕೃತಾಂ ನಾಟಕಾದಿ ಕಾವ್ಯಗಾನ ಗಾಯಕೈಸ್ಸುಶೋಭಿತಾಂ |
ವೇಣುತಂತ್ರಿವಾದ್ಯನಾದಸುಸ್ವರೈಸ್ಸುಶ್ರಾವಿತಾಂ ನಮಾಮಿ ಭಕ್ತಿಭಾವನೈಃ ಭಾರತಂ ಮೆ ಮಾತರಂ || ೪ ||

ಹಿಂದುಜೈನಸಿಖ್ಖಬೌದ್ಧಮಾನವಾನ್ ಸುಪೋಷಿತಾಂ ದೇವವಾಣಿಕನ್ನಡಾದಿ ಭಾರತೀಭಿಸ್ಸಂಯುತಾಂ |
ಭಾರತೀಯಭಾವನಾಂ ಚ ಮಾನವೇಷು ಪೂರಿತಾಂ ನಮಾಮಿ ಭಕ್ತಿಭಾವನೈಃ ಭಾರತಂ ಮೆ ಮಾತರಂ || ೫ ||

प्रतिवर्षं वयं प्रतिवेशिनः मिलित्वा भारतस्य गणराज्योत्सवं स्वातन्त्र्यदिनं च आचरामः | अस्मिन् गणराज्योत्सवदिने पद्यमिदं बालाभिः गायनं करणीयमिति विचिन्त्य दशदिनपर्यन्तं प्रशिक्षणं दत्वा अद्य ध्वजारोहणमुहुर्ते बालाः इमां गीतां अगायन्। अस्य video अत्र द्र्ष्टुं शक्यते |


द्वादश आदित्याः (12 Suns)

ಅಕ್ಟೋಬರ್ 17, 2014

It is very common in Sanskrit to represent a group of related things by means of a Shloka for easy remembrance. One such famous Shloka is the below one which salutes the 9 Grahas (Planets).

नमः सूर्याय सोमाय मङ्गलाय बुधाय च |
गुरुशुक्रशनिभ्यश्च राहवे केतवे नमः ||

In my last blog, I wrote about 12 names of Sun and the Surya Namaskara Mantras based on each of them. These 12 names of Sun are:

द्वादश आदित्याः

1. मित्रः
2. रविः
3. सूर्यः
4. भानुः
5. खगः
6. पूषा
7. हिरण्यगर्भः
8. मरीचिः
9. आदित्यः
10. सविता
11. अर्कः
12. भास्करः

Here is an attempt by me to consolidate these 12 names of Sun in the form of Shlokas. Since I know only Anushtup Chandas (meter), I am limited by 32 letters in each Shloka and hence had to resort to two Shlokas to cover all the names.

मित्राय रविसूर्याभ्यां भानवेऽपि खगाय च|
पूष्णे हिरण्यगर्भाय सर्वेभ्योऽपि नमो नमः || 1 ||

पूजयामि मरीचिञ्च आदित्यञ्च भजाम्यहम् |
अर्चयामि सवित्रर्कौ सेवयामि च भास्करम् || 2 ||

The above two Shlokas basically salute the Sun and offer worship to the Sun taking each of his 12 names in the order mentioned above.

Disclaimer:
संस्कृतं न जानामि न जानामि पाणिनिम्।
पदार्थमपि न जानामि क्षमस्व वागीश्वरि॥


Surya Namaskara Mantras

ಅಕ್ಟೋಬರ್ 12, 2014

Suryanamaskara is typical done in the sets of 12 and each iteration is usually preceded by a Mantra which involves salutation to Sun using his various names. I have given the Mantras in Kannada as well as Sanskrit here. The short form (which is what is chanted during the Suryanamaskara) and the long form (Shloka from which it is derived) are given here.

Suryanamaskara is usually started by chanting this Shloka:

ಹಿರಣ್ಮಯೇನ ಪಾತ್ರೇಣ ಸತ್ಯಸಾಪಿಹಿತಂ ಮುಖಂ|
ತತ್ ತ್ವಂ ಪೂಷನ್ ಅಪಾವೃಣು ಸತ್ಯಧರ್ಮಾಯ ದೃಷ್ಟಯೇ ||

हिरण्मयेन पात्रेण सत्यस्यापिहितं मुखम् |
तत्त्वं पूषन् अपावृणु सत्यधर्माय दृष्टये ||

Each iteration is then preceded by the following Mantras in the order given:

1. ಓಂ ಹ್ರಾಂ ಮಿತ್ರಾಯ ನಮಃ, ॐ ह्रां मित्राय नमः

ಮಿತ್ರಾಯ ಲೋಕಮಿತ್ರಾಯ ಕಂಜ ಮಿತ್ರಾಯ ತೇ ನಮಃ|
ಆಮಿತ್ರಹಾರಿಣೇ ತುಭ್ಯಂ ಭಾಸ್ಕರಾಯ ನಮೋ ನಮಃ||

मित्राय लोकमित्राय कञ्ज मित्राय ते नमः |
आमित्रहारिणे तुभ्यं भास्कराय नमो नमः ||

2. ಓಂ ಹ್ರೀಂ ರವಯೇ ನಮಃ, ॐ ह्रीं रवये नमः

ರವಯೇ ರತ್ನಗರ್ಭಾಯ ರಾಜೀವಾಕ್ಷಾಯ ರಾಜಿನೇ |
ರಾಮಾಯ ರಮಣೀಯಾಯ ಭಾಸ್ಕರಾಯ ನಮೋ ನಮಃ ||

रवये रत्नगर्भाय राजीवाक्षाय राजिने |
रामाय रमणीयाय भास्कराय नमो नमः ||

3. ಓಂ ಹ್ರ್ರೂಂ ಸೂರ್ಯಾಯ ನಮಃ, ॐ ह्रूं सूर्याय नमः

ಸೂರ್ಯಾಯ ಸುರನಾಥಾಯ ಸುಖಾಯ ಸುಖದಾಯ ಚ |
ಸುರೂಪಾಯ ಸುಭೂಷಾಯ ಭಾಸ್ಕರಾಯ ನಮೋ ನಮಃ ||

सूर्याय सुरनाथाय सुखाय सुखदाय च |
सुरूपाय सुभूषाय भास्कराय नमो नमः ||

4. ಓಂ ಹ್ರೈಂ ಭಾನವೇ ನಮಃ, ॐ ह्रैं भानवे नमः

ಭಾನವೇ ಭವದೇಮಾಯ ಭಯಾಯ ಭಯಹಾರಿಣೇ |
ಭೋಗೀಶಾಯ ಭವಜ್ಞಾಯ ಭಾಸ್ಕರಾಯ ನಮೋ ನಮಃ ||

भानवे भवदेवाय भयाय भयहारिणे |
भोगीशाय भवज्ञाय भास्कराय नमो नमः ||

5. ಓಂ ಹ್ರೌಂ ಖಗಾಯ ನಮ:, ॐ ह्रौं खगाय नमः

ಖಗಾಯ ಖಗಹಂತ್ರೇ ಚ ಖದ್ಯೋತಾಯ ಖಗಾಂಶವೇ |
ಖಗರೂಪಾಯ ದೇವಾಯ ಭಾಸ್ಕರಾಯ ನಮೋ ನಮಃ ||

खगाय खगहन्त्रे च खद्योताय खगांशवे |
खगरूपाय देवाय भास्कराय नमो नमः ||

6. ಓಂ ಹ್ರಃ ಪೂಷ್ಣೇ ನಮಃ, ॐ ह्रः पूष्णे नमः

ಪೂಷ್ಣೇತು ಪೂರ್ವಪುಣ್ಯಾಯ ಪುರಾಣ ಪುರುಷಾಯ ಚ |
ಪುಷ್ಕರಾಕ್ಷಾಯ ಪುಣ್ಯಾಯ ಭಾಸ್ಕರಾಯ ನಮೋ ನಮಃ ||

पूष्णे तु पूर्वपुण्याय पुराणपुरुषाय च |
पुष्कराक्ष्याय पुण्याय भास्कराय नमो नमः ||

7. ಓಂ ಹ್ರ್ರಾಂ ಹಿರಣ್ಯಗರ್ಭಾಯ ನಮಃ, ॐ ह्रां हिरयगर्भाय नमः

ಹೇಮವರ್ಣ ಸ್ವರೂಪಾಯ ಕಾಮಕ್ರೋಧ ಹರಾಯ ಚ |
ಹಿರಣ್ಯಗರ್ಭದೇಹಾಯ ಭಾಸ್ಕರಾಯ ನಮೋ ನಮಃ ||

हेमवर्ण स्वरूपाय कामक्रोध हराय च |
हिरण्यगर्भदेहाय भास्कराय नमो नमः ||

8. ಓಂ ಹ್ರೀಂ ಮರಿಚಯೇ ನಮಃ, ॐ ह्रीं मरीचये नमः

ಮರಿಚಯೇ ಮಹೇಶಾಯ ಮಾಧವಾಯ ಮುರಾರಯೇ |
ಮಂತ್ರಾಯ ಮಂತ್ರರಾಜಾಯ ಭಾಸ್ಕರಾಯ ನಮೋ ನಮಃ ||

मरीचये महेशाय माधवाय मुरारये |
मंत्राय मंत्रराजाय भास्कराय नमो नमः ||

9. ಓಂ ಹ್ರ್ರೂಂ ಆದಿತ್ಯಾಯ ನಮಃ, ॐ ह्रूं आदित्याय नमः

ಆದಿತ್ಯಾದಿ ರೂಪಾಯ ಆಕಾಶಪತಯೇ ನಮಃ |
ಆರೋಗ್ಯದಾಯ ಆರ್ಯಾಯ ಭಾಸ್ಕರಾಯ ನಮೋ ನಮಃ ||

आदित्यादि रूपाय आकाशपतये नमः |
आरोग्यदाय आर्याय भास्कराय नमो नमः ||

10. ಓಂ ಹ್ರೈಂ ಸವಿತ್ರೇ ನಮಃ, ॐ ह्रैं सवित्रे नमः

ಸವಿತ್ರೇ ಸರ್ವಲೋಕಾಧಿಪತಯೇ ಸರ್ವದಾಯ ಚ |
ಸರ್ವಾಭೀಷ್ಟ ಪ್ರದೇಚೈವ ಭಾಸ್ಕರಾಯ ನಮೋ ನಮಃ ||

सवित्रे सर्वलोकाधिपतये सर्वदाय च |
सर्वाभीष्ट प्रदेचैव भास्कराय नमो नमः ||

11. ಓಂ ಹ್ರೌಂ ಅರ್ಕಾಯ ನಮ:, ॐ ह्रौं अर्काय नमः

ಅರ್ಕಾಯಾಕ್ಷರ ರೂಪಾಯ ಅಚ್ಯುತಾಯ ಮರಾಯ ಚ |
ಅನ್ನದಾಯನ್ನರೂಪಾಯ ಭಾಸ್ಕರಾಯ ನಮೋ ನಮಃ ||

अर्कायाक्षररूपाय अच्युताय मराय च |
अन्नदायन्नरुपाय भास्कराय नमो नमः ||

12. ಓಂ ಹ್ರಃ ಭಾಸ್ಕರಾಯ ನಮಃ, ॐ ह्रः भास्कराय नमः

ಭಾನೋ ಭಾಸ್ಕರ ಮಾರ್ತಾಂಡ ಚಂಡರಶ್ಮೇ ದಿವಾಕರ |
ಆರೋಗ್ಯಮಾಯುರ್ವಿಜಯಂ ಪುತ್ರಾನ್ ದೇಹಿ ನಮೋಸ್ತುತೇ ||

भानो भास्कर मार्ताण्ड चण्डरश्मे दिवाकर |
आरोग्यमायुर्विजयं पुत्रान् देहि नमोस्तुते ||

Disclaimer:
संस्कृतं न जानामि न जानामि पाणिनिम्।
पदार्थमपि न जानामि क्षमस्व वागीश्वरि॥


Books for Life

ಸೆಪ್ಟೆಂಬರ್ 27, 2014

I have been collecting books (and of course reading them!) for a long time now and realized that lately I have acquired quite a few “complete series” kind of books. Now when my existing book shelf
is unable to accommodate the new additions, I thought of writing about a few books that are close to my heart.

Sriman Mahabharata

This is a monumental work that provides simple Kannada translation of Vyasa Mahabharata. Published by Bharatha Darshana, this work consists of 32 volumes with more than 600 pages in each volume. I have been looking for this kind of work in Kannada which provides just the faithful translation of the original Sanskrit Shlokas and nothing else. Though this work doesn’t list and provide full translation of 100000 Mahabharata Shlokas, it includes quite a few shlokas in each of the version. Bharatha Darshana staff tell me that they have included only the important Shlokas but for the rest only the translation exists in the books. For those who want basic translations without any
interpretation of all 100000 Shlokas of Mahabharata, Gita Press provides such a series, but it is in Hindi.

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This entire series costs Rs. 2300 which comes to around Rs 75 per book. Needless to say that the price is heavily subsidized.

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Srimadvalmiki Ramayana

Last year I purchased this 3 volume series of Valmiki Ramayana in Kannada from Gita Press. These books provide basic Kannada translation of all the 24000 Shlokas from 7 Khandas of Valmiki Ramayana. I am actively reading this work from last year and till now completed Bala, Ayodhya and Aranya Khandas. I always wanted to read and understand the original Shlokas of Ramayana and this book is exactly serving the purpose. I have now acquired enough hold in Sanskrit language that I can follow the Sanskrit Shlokas with some help from the Kannada translation present in this book. I am
thoroughly enjoying this book both from Kavya perspective and the Sanskrit language learning perspective and I usually manage to read and understand at least one Sarga in a day. After reading 3
Khandas, I am realizing that we have been fed with many wrong interpretations of Ramayana which I plan to write about separately some other time.

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This 3 volume set costs around Rs.600 which is of course heavily subsidized considering the paper and printing quality.

Kumaravyasa Bharata

Sometime back I happened to read Kuvempu’s autobiography Nenapina Doniyalli which includes hundreds of his poems. This inspired me to read (and of course write!) Kannada poetry and I bought Kumaravyasa Bharata edited and translated by A R Seturamrao. This book provides Kannada translation/interpretation of Kumaravyasa’s (aka Gadugina Naranappa) epic work Kumaravyasa Bharata aka Gadugina Bharata. In Kumaravyasa Bharata, Kumaravyasa has retold Vyasa Mahabharata in the form of Kannada poetry composed in Bhamini Shatpadi meter. For Kannadigas, this is like what Tulasidas Ramayana is for Hindi speaking population and it used to be the primary source of Mahabharata for my parents’ generation where singing, listening and interpreting the verses from Kumaravyasa Bharata used to be favorite evening pass time in many households.

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The liberal amount of Ganjifa art work throughout the book by Ganjifa Raghupathi Bhatta is an added attraction in this book.

Anything related to Mahabharata must be huge and so is this book comprising of 1300 pages. With high quality paper and printing, this single book costs Rs. 2500. This is the most expensive single
book that I have invested in till now!

Rigveda Samhita

The word Veda is so commonplace to us that I am sure most of us don’t know or never had opportunity to really know what’s in Vedas.  In 1950s, Mysore Maharaja Jayachamarajendra Wadiyar brought together a team of Vidwans led by H. P Venkatrao to provide a version of Rigveda for Kannada speaking population. This monumental work resulted in a series of 36 books which are now being reprinted by Kannada and Culture Department, Government of Karnataka. This book lists each Rigveda Mantra, with word by word listing of the Mantra, description of it from Sayanacharya’s Bhashya, word by word meaning, translation, English translation, special notes and grammar notes.

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This is a collector’s item and over last few years, I have managed to collect all 36 volumes with the intention of reading them after my retirement 🙂 However quite a few retired people are advising me to finish this reading before retirement as their experience tells them that such work can’t be done with reduced mental faculties of old age!

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Each volume has more than 750 pages with high quality print and paper. Each volume is available for a subsidized average price of Rs 250 per volume.

The History and Culture of Indian People

I picked up this series from Bharatiya Vidya Bhavan mainly as a reference book and not really for page-to-page reading. This is a set of 11 books covering Indian History from Vedic age till
Independence.

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Shivaram Karanthara Sahitya Shreni

This is a series of books over 25 volumes that aims to include the complete works of Kannada writer K Shivaram Karanth. This was published by Kannada and Culture Department, Govt of Karnataka. Most of his novels and plays are included in these books. Each book has 2 novels and when I bought this, each book was available for as low as Rs.50!

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The complete works of Swami Vivekananda

This is a set of 9 books (when I bought long time back) that includes Swami Vivekananda’s writings, lectures, discourses and more. Published by Advaita Ashrama Kolkata, it is generally available in Ramakrishna Ashram book shops.

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DVG’s Jnapaka Chitrashale

This is a series of 8 books written by D V Gundappa (of Manku Thimmana Kagga fame) which describe certain aspects of DVG’s association and experiences with different kinds of people whom he came across throughout his life. He has categorized them into different categories like “common people”, “Patrons of Art” etc. This series should give a good insight into the life of DVG
himself.

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